Nephrology deals with kidney-related conditions, while hematology focuses on blood disorders. Nephrologists treat kidney diseases like CKD and kidney stones, using methods like dialysis and transplantation.


Nephrology is a medical specialty focused solely on the kidneys, those bean-shaped organs that play a critical role in maintaining a healthy balance of electrolytes in the body, regulating blood pressure, and filtering waste products from the blood. Nephrologists, as guardians of kidney health, diagnose and treat a wide spectrum of kidney-related conditions. These conditions can range from acute kidney injury, a sudden decline in kidney function requiring immediate medical attention, to chronic kidney disease, a gradual and progressive loss of kidney function over time. Nephrologists also address kidney stones, hard mineral deposits that form in the kidneys and can cause severe pain, and urinary tract infections, infections affecting any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys.

Depending on the specific kidney condition, nephrologists utilize various treatment approaches. These may include medication management to control symptoms, manage blood pressure, and slow disease progression. In more severe cases, dialysis, a process that artificially removes waste products and excess fluid from the blood when the kidneys are no longer functioning adequately, may be necessary. Kidney transplantation, replacing a diseased kidney with a healthy one from a donor, offers another treatment option. Nephrologists also emphasize lifestyle modifications, tailoring diet, exercise routines, and medication adherence to promote kidney health and prevent further complications. By offering a comprehensive range of diagnostic tools and treatment options, nephrologists play a vital role in safeguarding kidney function and overall health.

Nephrology and Dialysis Department Staffing

Professor: Oversees the department, providing leadership, expertise, and guidance in nephrology and dialysis treatment.

Senior Medical Officer: Responsible for coordinating patient care, supervising medical staff, and ensuring the quality and safety of dialysis treatments.

6 Dialysis Technicians: 6 Trained professionals who operate dialysis machines, monitor patients during treatment, and assist medical staff as needed.

6 Dialysis Machines:  Cutting-edge technology is employed for hemodialysis, guaranteeing efficient and effective treatment for patients with kidney-related ailments.

Nephrology Services: Available 24/7 to provide comprehensive care for patients with kidney disease, including diagnosis, treatment, and management of conditions such as acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, and electrolyte imbalances. Hemodialysis is offered as a vital treatment modality for patients requiring renal replacement therapy.

Services Offered by the Department



Increased Outpatient Consultations: We have successfully expanded our outpatient consultation services, ensuring greater accessibility for patients seeking expert nephrology care.

Superior Admissions and Contributions: Our department has demonstrated outstanding performance in admissions and contributions, surpassing other departments in terms of both quantity and quality.

Surge in Interventional Nephrology Procedures: In December 2023, we witnessed a notable increase in interventional nephrology procedures, particularly in native kidney biopsies and acute vascular access, showcasing our commitment to advancing innovative treatments.

Record Number of Hemodialysis Treatments: We achieved a remarkable milestone by conducting 95 hemodialysis treatments in a single month, underscoring our dedication to providing life-saving renal replacement therapy to our patients.

Head of Department:

Dr. Arooba, as the Head of the Department of Nephrology, holds a distinguished position as one of the most senior and renowned nephrologists in KPK (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa). Dr. Arooba laid the foundation of nephrology in the region and was the first Professor of Nephrology, Examiner of FCPS Nephrology, and MD Nephrology from KPK.
Notably, Dr. Arooba supervised the first live Renal Transplant in collaboration with Prof. Dr. Atta Ur Rehman at LRH (Lady Reading Hospital) in 1996. Additionally, Dr. Arooba has served as the Dean of PGMI (Postgraduate Medical Institute), President of the Pakistan Society of Nephrology, and Director of Medical Allied Disciplines at PGMI, LRH.

Emergency Cases

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Nephrology Team